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Intelligence Related to Possible Sources of Radioactive Contamination During the Persian Gulf War, July 2000

During the past several years, much attention has been focused on chemical warfare (CW) agents--and to a lesser extent biological warfare (BW) agents--as a potential cause of, or contributor to, Gulf war illnesses (GWI). In the spring of 1995, the CIA initiated a comprehensive study of intelligence and other information to determine if US troops were exposed to any chemical or biological agents or radioactive materials and to examine intelligence for any potential causative factors of GWI. In February 1997, the Intelligence Community (IC) formed the Persian Gulf War Illnesses Task Force to study releases of nerve agents at the Khamisiyah Storage Depot and to continue research on agent exposure. This report provides the IC's conclusions about potential exposure to radioactive materials. Chemical and biological agents will be covered in separate reports.

Robert D. Walpole
Special Assistant to the Director of Central Intelligence for Persian Gulf War Illnesses


Key Findings


Possible Sites for Dispersal of Radioactive Material


The Tuwaitha Nuclear Research Center


The Tarmiya Uranium Enrichment Facility


The Al Qaim Superphosphate Fertilizer Plant


The Mosul Feed Materials Production Facility


The Ramadi Radiological Weapons Test Site


Other Important Nuclear-Related Locations in Iraq


Nuclear Materials in Iraq



Last Updated: July 11, 2023
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